BREED STANDARD (UK)
General Appearance: Large, powerful, alert, with much substance and heavy
Characteristics: Large, broad head, with relatively small eye and erect ears carried forward in line with back
of neck; large, curled tail, in balance with head.
Temperament: Dignified, courageous, aloof; tends to show dominance
over other dogs.
Head and Skull: Large, in balance with body, skull flat, forehead broad,defined stop and clear furrow.
Head forms blunt triangle when viewed from above, free from wrinkle, Muzzle broad and strong, cheeks well developed. Nose
large and black, bridge straight. Lips tight and black. In white dogs flesh colour pigmentation is permissible on nose and
lips. Length from nose to stop is to length from stop to occiput as 2 is to 3.
Eyes: Relatively small, almond-shaped,
clean, moderately set apart and dark brown. Eye rims dark and tight.
Ears: Relatively small. thick, triangular not
low set, carried forward over eyes in line with back of neck, firmly erect, Moderately set apart; slightly rounded at tips.
Mouth: Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower
teeth and set square to the jaws.
Neck: Thick and muscular, comparatively short, widening gradually towards shoulders.
Pronounced crest blends with back of skull.
Forequarters: Shoulders strong and powerful, moderately laid back. Elbows
very tight. Forelegs well boned and straight when viewed from front. Pasterns inclining at approximately 15 degrees.
Longer than high, as 10 is to 9 in males, 11 to 9 in bitches. Chest wide and deep, depth of brisket is one-half height of
dog at shoulder. Well developed forechest. Level back, firmly muscled loin, moderate tuck up. Skin pliant but not loose.
Strong and muscular, Well developed thighs. moderate turn of stifle. Strong hocks, with only moderate angulation, well let
down, turning neither in nor out.
Feet: Thick, well-knuckled, very tight, turning neither in nor out. Pads hard. Nails
hard. Dewclaws on hind legs customarily removed.
Tail: Large and full, set high, carried over back, full or double
curl, always dipping to or below level of back. On a three quarter curl tail, tip dips down flank. Root large and strong.
Hair coarse, straight and full with no appearance of a plume. Sickle or uncurled tail highly undesirable.
Gait / Movement:
Resilient and vigorous with strides on moderate length. Back remains firm and level. Hindlegs move in line with front legs,
whilst gaiting will single track.
Coat: Any colour including white, brindle or pinto. Colours are brilliant and clear.
Markings are well defined with or without mask or blaze.
Size: Height at withers : Dogs 66-71 cms (26-28 ins); Bitches
: 61-66 cms (24-26 ins).
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness
with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Note: Male animals should have
two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.